The most common cause of a cataract forming is the natural aging process and the inadequate supply of nutrients to the eye lens. The metabolism of the lens slows down, the concentration of water in the lens decreases, it becomes harder and loses its elasticity. Exposure to sunlight over the years also leads to the deposition of yellowy-brown substances and clouding of the lens.
In this case it is referred to as an age-related cataract, which usually occurs after the age of 60. However, this is already possible earlier with the appropriate assessment.
Other causes may include metabolic disorders such as diabetes, chronic eye inflammation, eye injuries, radioactive emissions or hereditary lens opacity.
The main symptom is a slow deterioration of your eyesight.
Often both eyes are affected. At the start it’s like you’re looking through fog, which gets thicker and thicker over time. Sensitivity to glare often increases too. Pictures becoming increasingly fuzzy, losing their Intensity and color. It gets harder and harder to do routine activities like reading the paper, driving the car or watching TV. If a cataract remains untreated, in the end you can only recognize dark and light. In particularly serious cases, this condition can lead to blindness.